Seasonality and Households Livelihoods in Umguza District: a Case of Ward 12.
Seasonality is one if the chief livelihood constraints in agro-based newly resettled areas of Zimbabwe that bears serious problems on poor households. This study dwells on finding out the seasonality induced challenges that are faced by households in newly resettled areas of Zimbabwe particularly in ward 12 of Umguza District. Opportunities, adaptation strategies and constraining factors in the study area are also part of this research. This study will also dwell on the background of the newly resettled areas of Zimbabwe that significantly denies the opportunities for households’ livelihoods diversifications and adaptation to seasonal trends and shocks. The study reveals that households are hit hard by seasonality because of poor infrastructure development and livelihoods support in agro based areas of Zimbabwe. A significant finding of the study area is that the majority of those who got land were the land hungry poverty stricken households who fail to develop themselves and become self-reliant in an underdeveloped rural area. Existing research shows that rain fed agriculture is a seasonality sensitive livelihood strategy which is responsible for improving the standard of living of newly resettled households of Zimbabwe and save the purpose of enabling households to deal with their economic challenges that they face. This research tries to significantly meet its objectives through a qualitative research method. The study objectives dwells on finding the implications of seasonality induced challenges faced by households, the factors constraining livelihood adaptation and diversification, taking into consideration the opportunities and strategies perused by households to cope with seasonal variability and shocks. It emanates on this study that seasonality poses a significant threat to households’ food security, health, income, market, infrastructure and education. The recommendations also invite the government and other stakeholders to assist the community with educative projects, infrastructure development projects, financial support and reach the poor families who constitute the most vulnerable households to seasonality.