Assessment and Management of Psycho-Social Problems of Domestic Helps in Secondary Schools in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria
Economic challenges in our society has led to some parents lending out their adolescents work as domestic helps in cities either with their well-to-do relations or some strangers who pay them in cash or in kind (by sending them to school). Many of these adolescents are known to have different kinds of problems in school arising from their status in the homes and the work they do which affect them both psychologically and socially so much that some of them exhibit low self-esteem, depression and anxiety. The effect of which are not only borne by the adolescents but by the society at large. Thus, this study seeks to assess and manage psycho-social problems of domestic helps in secondary schools in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Quasi experimental pre-test/post-test control group research design was adopted. The population of the study consists of all Junior Secondary II Students in Ibadan metropolis, Oyo State while the sample for the study comprIndex of -Esteemd 105 (51 male and 54 female) JSII students, selected from three junior secondary schools using simple random sampling and purposive techniques. Rational Emotive Behavioural Therapy, Cognitive Theory and Choice Theory constituted the theoretical framework used to guide the study. Six research questions and six hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. The three schools constituted the experimental (two treatment groups and one control group) in the study. The instruments used to obtain relevant data for this study were the Domestic Helps Assessment Questionnaire (DHAQ), the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ), Social Anxiety ThoughtsQuestionnaire (SATQ) and Index of Self-Esteem (ISE). The intervention strategies employed were Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (Cognitive Behaviour Therapy) and Reality Therapy (RT). The data generated were analysed using Analysis of Covariance. Four of the six research hypotheses were accepted while the remaining two were rejected. The findings from the study showed that RT was more effective in improving self-esteem of domestic helps, while Cognitive Behaviour Therapy was more effective in moderating and reducing depression among domestic helps. In addition, gender does not have significant interaction effect with the experimental conditions in improving self-esteem moderating anxiety. However, gender has significant interaction effect with the experimental conditions when reducing depression. It was recommended that the Cognitive Behaviour Therapy and RT be used as efficacious techniques for managing the psycho-social problems of domestic helps. Government should come up with a regulation that will enforce the completion of the free and compulsory nine years schooling by every child including domestic helps. Government should also put in place measures or conditions that would ensure that domestic helps have time to attend classes punctually.