An Assessment on the impact of land reform on youth development: a case study of Tableland Resettlement in Makoni district

Author: Runyanga, Sylvester

Since independence, land became the key signifier for tackling the unfinished business of the decolonization process in Zimbabwe, notably by rectifying the racially based land injustices of the past through land distribution. Although a burgeoning number of studies have been undertaken on the land reform programme, few have had a distinctively focuses on rural youths in seeking to identify, examine and access the effects of the products on youth development. This research makes a contribution to filling this lacuna by offering an empirically-rich study of land redistribution in one particular district in Zimbabwe, namely Makoni district. This entails a focus on youth on A1 resettlement farms in Tableland resettlement in Makoni district. More so empowerment theory in this paper influences the views that land reform is a driver for rural youth development. ‘Mixed method approach which include questionnaires, in-depth interviews and observations were made. Findings indicate that land reform has offered rural youth with economic opportunities as they are acquiring assets through agriculture production. However lack of documents of land ownership still affects rural youths as they got limited access to financial credits thereby limiting their capacity of production and assets accumulation. For rural youths to fully benefits from land reform the study recommends that a serious intervention by the state should occur coupled with the revitalization of the programme and their important role in agriculture