Effects of Two Treatment Techniques on the Adjustment of Juvenile Delinquents in Lagos Approved Schools.
The main focus of this study was to find out the effects of two treatment techniques on the adjustment of juvenile delinquents. Hence, this study examined the effectiveness of the self-control therapy (Mode I) and the Token economy therapy (Mode II) in improving the adjustment problems confronting the juvenile delinquents. A total of 54 juvenile delinquents made up of 27 males and 27 females residing in two single sex approved schools in Lagos constituted the sample for this study. The 27 respondents from each school were randomly assigned to three, groups - Experimental I group (EXP. I); Experimental II group (EXP. II) and Control group (C.G). The (EXP. I); group received 16 session of self-control therapy; the EXP. II group had two main sessions and members were exposed to the Token economy therapy; while the control group 16 sessions members of the group did not receive any treatment. The student problem Inventory (SPI) and the Adolescent Personal Data Inventory (APDI) were used for the measurement of respondent's level of adjustment and self-concept respectively. A pre-test-post-test experimental design was utilized. Eight hypotheses were stated and statistically analysed using t-test paired comparism and correlated t-test. Results indicated that: 1. Both treatment techniques improve the self-concept and adjustment of male and female respondents. 2. The Token economy therapy (Mode II) is more efficacious than the self-control therapy (Mode I) for improving the self-concept of female respondents and adjustment of male respondents. 3. Male respondents in the two experimental groups performed better than their female counterparts. In view of these findings, the following recommendations were made: 1. Trainers of social welfare workers should introduce the practice of some relevant treatments techniques such as the self-control therapy and Token economy into the curriculum of their students. 2. The Lagos state government should include at least a trained counsellor in the list of staff of each approved school. 3. The Lagos state government should make provision for welfare officers in the field to go on short training/refresher course where they can update their knowledge on current effective treatment techniques. 4. Workshops and Seminars on current treatment techniques should be organised on regular basis by state Ministries of Social Development, Youths and Sport for both counsellors and Social Welfare workers in the field. It was suggested that further research studies involving both sexes in some other states of the Federation need to be carried out before definite claims and generalisation can be made about the effectiveness of the two treatment techniques in improving the anti-social behaviour of juvenile delinquents in Nigerian approved schools.