Effectiveness of Cognitive Restructuring and Self-Control on Proneness to Maladaptive Behaviour among selected Senior Secondary School Students in Imo State, Nigeria
In recent years, the youth who are supposed to be the future hope and pride of the nation seem to be exhibiting unacceptable behaviours in the society at an alarming rate. Hence the need to curb such ugly development has become imperative. This study therefore investigated the effectiveness of Cognitive Restructuring and Self-control on proneness to maladaptive behaviour among selected Senior Secondary School students in Imo State, Nigeria. A quasi experimental pre-test, post-test control group design was adopted for the study. The sample for the study consisted of 120 senior secondary school students comprising 58 male and 62 randomly selected from Okigwe Educational zone II in Imo State. One school was randomly selected from each of the three Local Government Areas that make up Okigwe Educational Zone II. Seven research null hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Five major instruments were used to generate data for the study namely: Levenson Self-Report Psychopathy Scale, Index of Self-Esteem, Parenting Style Questionnaire, Peer Pressure Questionnaire and Hare Psychopathy Checklist-Revised Scale (PCL-RS). The hypotheses were tested using the 2-Way Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA.) Results indicated that four out of the seven null hypotheses tested were rejected while three were accepted. The study has indicated that there is a significant difference in the post-test scores in maladaptive behaviour among participants exposed to the three experimental conditions. It also shows that there is a significant difference in the post-test in self-esteem among participants in the three experimental groups. The findings revealed that there is a difference in peer influence among the three experimental groups. The result also shows that there is a significant difference in parenting styles among participants in the three experimental groups. The study further revealed that there is no significant difference in proneness to maladaptive behaviour among participants based on family status. It showed that there is no significant difference in proneness to maladaptive behaviour among participants due to the interaction effects of experimental conditions and gender. It demonstrates that there is no significant gender difference on the dependent measures among participants in the three experimental groups. The study established the fact that self-control therapy is an effective counselling therapy in dealing with maladaptive behaviour among adolescents. The study further established that cognitive restructuring is a viable counselling therapy that would help counsellors address the negative thoughts which have pre-occupied the minds of teenagers. It has demonstrated that self-control intervention technique was more efficacious than the cognitive restructuring in handling issues of proneness to maladaptive behaviour. Discussions of the findings were made followed by some recommendations. It is recommended that teenagers should be exposed to the use of self-control therapy more than cognitive restructuring tech cognitive restructuringnique in both individual and group counselling methods. It was also recommended that parents should bring their teenagers much closer to themselves so that they would not be negatively influenced by their peers.